Survival Knowledge-Be Prepared

The information in this post comes from Canadian sources, but it holds true regardless of your location.  The bottom line is… whether you’re in Canada, the U.S., Australia or Europe, you can never have too much survival knowledge.  This post is also quite long, so it may need to be absorbed in ‘chunks’.

Survival KnowledgeSurvival Knowledge

This page is not meant to be a definitive source on survival technology. Its purpose is to provide you with essential survival knowledge, and you are encouraged to seek out further information from your local public library, or within your local scouting community and its publications.

Search and Rescue in Canada

In Canada, responsibility for search and rescue is shared between the federal government and the provinces and territories. The federal government is responsible for air and sea search and rescue, while the provinces and territories are responsible for land and inland water search and rescue.

more about Search and Rescue in Canada …

Psychology of Survival

Survival begins with the will to live. Many recorded rescues have shown that strength, survival knowledge or equipment were not always the deciding factor in a survival situation. Instead a strong will to live and a good mental attitude made the difference between life and death.

“Be Prepared”

The motto of scouts is the basic rule for survival. But it does not just mean carrying a survival kit; it also refers to having a “prepared attitude.”

more about “Be Prepared” …

Pain and Injury

Pain, your body’s response to injury, can be very disabling. Despite this, when threatened with danger your body can at times momentarily mask pain. For example, while gingerly limping along on your sprained ankle, you meet a skunk and it rears its tail at you. No doubt you will find yourself running as though your ankle was never hurt. This is not to say that you should ignore the cause of your pain, but that by keeping yourself busy you may be able to use this masking ability to help manage it and keep it from weakening your will to go on. Any injuries, even minor cuts, sprains, or bruising can drain you physically as well as emotionally and should be dealt with immediately. With that in mind it is recommended that you take first-aid training offered by St. John ambulance or the Red Cross as part of your survival knowledge.

more about Pain and Injury …

Cold Injuries

With an average body temperature of 37°C (98.6°F), cooler temperatures found in the outdoors can expose you to cold injuries, make pain, thirst and hunger seem worse and sap your ability to think and your will to go on. Factors contributing to such cold injuries as exposure and frostbite are:

  • Dampness and temperature of your environment.
  • Wind velocity.
  • Age, size and physical condition.
  • Degree of protection your outer clothing and a shelter can provide.

Exposure

Exposure, the common term for hypothermia, is the lowering of your body’s temperature due to cold external temperatures or wind-chill, which is the combination of air temperature and wind velocity. The effects of either can be dramatically increased if you become wet. Hypothermia is a year-round threat, as the forest is always cooler than your body and the slightest breeze will cool your skin and remove much needed moisture. That is just how a fan cools you in the summer.

more about Exposure …

Frostbite

Any conditions that promote hypothermia can lead to frostbite. Frostbite is the formation of ice crystals within skin tissues, causing them to freeze. it is usually limited to the regions furthest from your body’s core; hands, feet, face, ears, bottom of your chin or the tip of your nose. Frostbite occurs when blood flow to these regions is reduced as a result of hypothermia or from constricting garments.

more about Frostbite …

Heat Stresses and Windburn

Overheating your body by overexposure to the sun’s heat or through overexertion will result in the excessive loss of valuable body fluids and salts through heavy sweating, causing a chemical imbalance called “heat cramps”. Your stomach will feel upset and you will begin to experience muscle cramps in your extremities and abdomen. Immediately rest in the shade, loosen your clothes and drink water to replace your body’s losses.

more about Heat Stresses and Windburn …

Dehydration

Every day your body uses 2 – 3 liters of water: humidifying your skin and the air you breathe, sweating to cool itself, digesting food and removing body wastes. As a result, you can only survive for about three days without this precious fluid. As your water losses exceed your intake you will begin to show signs of dehydration; thirst, dry tongue, tiredness, nausea, sleepiness and infrequent, dark yellow urination. In addition you will increase your susceptibility to fatigue, hypothermia, and in the winter, frostbite. Therefore, rationing water losses, rather than rationing water intake is essential in a survival situation.  It’s essential to sharpen your survival knowledge.

more about Dehydration …

Hunger and Hypoglycemia

Like thirst, hunger can affect your judgment and undermine your will to survive. During the first 24 to 48 hour period your stomach will experience strong hunger pangs as the body begins to use its carbohydrate and fat reserves. Despite this, if you are healthy, uninjured, and limit your physical activity, your body can function without food for up to 30 days. Physical exertion and the surrounding temperature affect your feelings of hunger. Extreme heat, which decreases the quantity of fuel needed to keep the body going, discourages hunger. Cold on the other hand, stimulates it, because the body needs more fuel to offset heat loss in a cold environment. Generally the body registers hunger when there is a physical need for food. Most people are conditioned to eat at certain times of the day, and their bodies produce the appropriate feelings on schedule. The best ways to defeat hunger pangs are to keep your mind busy on the task at hand, sleep or drink water. However, you must be cautious not to drink large quantities of water, as it will dilute the salt reserves in your body, resulting in stomach cramps or inducing vomiting, which will only increase your risk of dehydration.

more about Hunger and Hypoglycemia …

Fatigue, Loneliness & Boredom

When both physically and psychologically exhausted you will begin to act carelessly and experience feelings of hopelessness, frustration and boredom to the point where your only desire is to lie down and die to escape from a situation you feel is too difficult to face. You are experiencing fatigue and your mental ability to cope with the stresses of survival can be reduced as a result of it.

more about Fatigue, Loneliness & Boredom …

Shelter

With heat loss being your greatest threat, finding or constructing a shelter to keep you dry and out of the wind the first day is critical to your survival. Man-made shelters such as the tepee, the lean-to, the tripod, the snow trench, the quinsy, to name a few, all provide the best overall chance for prolonged survival, but may require some advanced survival knowledge training and practice to perfect.

more about Shelter …

Fire

Only after you have slowed your heat loss should you concern yourselves with heat gain. While psychologically a fire can mean security, peace of mind and safety, all while keeping you warm, drying clothes, boiling water, or signaling for help; it can also burn you, your clothing, your shelter or the forest, so treat it with the respect it deserves. Check your local library for books on wilderness survival knowledge or the “Field Book for Canadian scouting” to become familiar with the methods used to start and use different types of fires.

more about Fire …

Animal Threats

in Canada, contrary to popular belief, most animals will not harm humans unless they are provoked, feel they are threatened or are protecting their young. Despite this fact, it is advisable to avoid a wild animal, especially if it looks ferocious when it would usually show fear, or behaves abnormally friendly. Lack of fear for humans should be considered a bad sign. The animal may be old and suffering from starvation, or if it appears to be sickly or is frothing at the mouth it may have rabies. Nearly all warm blooded animals can get rabies, but it is most often found in raccoons, mice, chipmunks, foxes, skunks, bats and ground hogs.

more about Animal Threats …

Signaling

A pattern of three signals (e.g. three gunshots, three blasts on a whistle, three shouts or three fires) is universally recognized as a distress call. Blowing a whistle is very easy and its sound can travel further than your voice, so always pin one to your shirt or hang one around your neck before going into the wilderness. Choose a plastic whistle that has no pea inside it as the moisture from your breath can freeze the pea, thus disabling the whistle. Also, a plastic whistle will not stick to your lips in the winter.

more about Signaling …

Clothing

Too many people found in the wilderness have suffered needlessly because they were not appropriately dressed for their environment. The wilderness is not a place for a fashion statement. Taking the time to determine what sort of clothing and footwear is required for the terrain and weather conditions you may encounter while on your hike, picnic or camp, can make the difference between an enjoyable adventure or a life-threatening experience.

more about Clothing …

I hope you take the time to explore some of these links and others that aren’t in this post.  It’s my responsibility to ensure that I have the appropriate survival knowledge, just as it is yours.  Don’t leave your life in another’s hands.

Prepare For An Emergency On The Road

Emergency on the RoadPrepare For An Emergency On The Road

Emergencies on the road are inevitable. If you drive at all, at some point in time you will be faced with a roadside emergency. A flat tire, a broken fan belt, a leaking radiator, or a dead battery are just a few of the common occurrences we can expect when we travel. No one can predict when they’ll have an emergency on the road. The best we can do is to be prepared at all times.

Having a minor emergency, such as a flat tire in the middle of the day when you have a cell phone handy and a friendly neighborhood mechanic on the way, is one thing. Having a major emergency, such as the same flat tire in the middle of the night in a blizzard with no cell phone service, well, that’s the sort of emergency on the road for which we want to be prepared. Even if you’re not a mechanic, there are certain things that you can use to help yourself during a roadside emergency.

When preparing for an emergency on the road, you want to think of two emergency kits – a car kit and a personal kit.

Your Car Kit should include:

Your Personal Kit should include:

  • Walking shoes
  • Warm boots during winter months
  • A pair of socks
  • Drinking water
  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Non-perishable foods such as granola, snack bars, nuts, etc.
  • Blanket
  • Warm gloves
  • Coat
  • Hat
  • Rain Boots during warmer months
  • Rain poncho
  • Hand warmers

First aid kit

Pack a personal kit for other family members, as well. If you’re traveling with children you will want to pack the items they may need if you are stranded for a period of time. Remember items such as:

  • Formula
  • Baby food
  • Snacks
  • Water
  • Extra clothes
  • Diapers
  • Blankets
  • Warm shoes and boots
  • Hats
  • Mittens
  • Stroller or other carrier
  • Games

When preparing your kits, try to imagine if you were stranded and couldn’t get home for hours. Remember, you will be without heat, electricity, or other comforts of home. What would you want in your car if that were the case? Even a minor emergency on the road can be difficult. And, even a short trip across town could leave you stranded if something happened to your car. Prepare the best you can for these situations so you can return home safe and sound.

Prep for Disaster on a Budget

Prep for Disaster on a BudgetPrep for Disaster on a Budget

We all hope we’ll never have to face a disaster which forces us to either stay indoors for a while or leave our homes completely for a prolonged amount of time – however preparation is the key to survival in a disaster, but how do we prep for Disaster on a Budget?

Firstly you need to actually plan, because going out and buying lots of food and practical tools for survival can be expensive if you do it all at once.

You need to be fully aware of two types of disaster prep – one is “bugging in” which means you have to stay in or close to your home in a disaster and the other is called “bugging out”, and this means you leave your home to seek refuge in a safer location.

I see this question all the time. “If SHTF are you gonna bug in or bug out?” Some people say they’re gonna hunker down no matter what. Some people say they’re bugging out no matter what.

Well, it’s not all that simple

                                       

It’s not really fun to even think of these things but as you’ll know by watching the news, disaster can strike when you least expect it.

The first thing you need when you plan is a list of both things you’ll need in a bug in situation and a bug out situation. Often times you’ll see that you’ll need the same things for both, such as water, food and ways to make heat.

There are various places on the internet that you can find lists of things, and depending on whether you have children or not you’ll need to think of extra things like extra diapers, formula, milk or games.

Much of what you need can easily be found cheaply online or in thrift stores. eBay and Amazon are excellent places to go to get really good discounts on this that would otherwise be expensive in bricks and mortar store.

That said you can also get some crazy discounts in your local grocery stores and you want to be looking for things that buy-one-get-one-free or similar.

You can never have enough food and drinkable liquids for home storage, so look for deals on noodles, pasta, rice and energy bars.

In any type of disaster situation you’re going to need meds and first aid items. You can buy pre-made first aid packs as well as buy vitamins in bulk on special offer days at your local drugstore or health food shop. You will most definitely need multi-vitamins if you’re eating a lot of canned goods.

When it comes to more expensive items like crank radios and camping gear you should definitely try eBay. It’s important you read up on the sellers and their reviews. If you have favorite sellers you can save them to your account files for future reference.

If you’re thinking of asking people to buy some of your much needed survival goods you can set up a wish list on Amazon. Don’t be shy to do this because honestly, if something on their can make your life easier in a disaster then it’s not stupid to ask for it. Come birthday and Christmas time you could well get many of the items just from that wish list, and if anyone asks why you’d want them you can start the process of explaining why and hopefully they’ll understand how to prep too.

It’s easier to plan than impulse-buy when you Prep for Disaster on a Budget. You may never need everything you buy, but it’s better to plan than be caught without things in a disaster situation.

It’s Official: Injection of Fracking Wastewater Caused Kansas’ Biggest Earthquake – Link Love

As members of the supposedly superior race, what have we done to our planet and essentially ourselves?

We’ve been raping our planet to meet our needs and in the last hundreds of years, seem to think that our rights and privileges far outweigh the health of our planet.

I came across the titled post and was once again horrified by what we do to Mother Earth

Here is an excerpt of the post, and I highly recommend that you read the rest of it:

“The largest earthquake ever recorded in Kansas—a 4.9 magnitude temblor that struck northeast of Milan on Nov. 12, 2014—has been officially linked to wastewater injection into deep underground wells, according to new research from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

The epicenter of that extremely rare earthquake struck near a known fracking operation.”

You can find the rest of the post by clicking here:  It’s Official: Injection of Fracking Wastewater Caused Kansas’ Biggest Earthquake

For the love of all that’s good, we need to smarten the hell up and take heed!

How to Prepare your Children for an Evacuation

Prepare your Children for an EvacuationPrepare your Children for an Evacuation

People don’t realize just how adaptable children can be when they’re thrown into an emergency situation like an evacuation. That being said, it’s always best to prepare your children for an evacuation as much as you can beforehand.

Here are some great ways to prepare your children for an evacuation without worrying them unduly.

When you’re a child, life is an adventure, and that’s pretty much how you need to prepare them for an evacuation. It’s imperative you don’t let your fear and anxiety show because children pick up on that very easily.

– Start by organizing some impromptu camping trips.

This is when you don’t tell your children in advance that you’re going. If they’re asleep then wake them up earlier than you normally would and tell them you’re going camping. They may moan and groan a little about being woken up but try your best to be excited and positive.

– Get your kids used to understanding what essentials you’re taking with you on the trip.

You could even make it into a game by pointing out individual items and asking them what they are and what they’re for. Give them points for guessing them correctly and reward them with a pack of cards, coloring book and the like.

– Whilst you’re out camping it’s important you involve them with survival skills.

Depending on their age you’ll want to show them things like: how to pitch a tent, how to make fire and also how to fish. These are all essential survival skills that will make the trip interesting for them.

– If your kids are used to being taken from A to B in a car you’ll want to get them used to moving quickly whilst carrying a back pack.

Obviously you don’t want to load them down with anything too heavy, but they should be able to walk around the block a few times with a small backpack. Take your children out regularly to do this. Once again, you want to make this an interesting walk – ask them what they can see; use a map and compass to add more education to your outing. This will get them used to navigation.

The most important tactic to implement when trying to prepare your children for an evacuation is to actually explain what evacuations are and how they can keep people safe. You may want to use a few scenarios and if they go to school they will probably be well aware of emergency practice fire alarms.

Above all else, let them know that emergency times are not a time to be difficult and sulky. They need to get used to the fact that instructions are given for a reason, to ultimately keep them safe and away from danger. The efforts to prepare your children for an evacuation will serve you well when and if an emergency should arise.

What Every Survival Kit Should Contain

Survival KitWhat Every Survival Kit Should Contain

Every home and car should contain at least a basic survival kit in the event of a disaster. Even if you believe that nothing will ever happen to necessitate using such a kit, it is always better to be safe than sorry when it comes to the lives and safety of yourself and your loved ones. You just never know what the future could bring, and a survival kit for emergency preparation is essential to any home.

The Very Basics

At the very least, every home should have a few basics for their survival kit. These items will be especially helpful in the event of a power outage of any sort, especially if you are unable to leave your home due to weather or safety reasons.

  • Bottled water (at least one gallon per person per day)
  • Non-perishable food items
  • Extra clothing, blankets, etc.
  • LED flashlights
  • Plenty of batteries
  • Waterproof matches or lighter
  • Health and sanitation supplies (toilet paper, soap, personal hygiene products)
  • Documentation (identification, medical history and medication lists, emergency contacts)
  • First aid kit

Ready for Anything

A disaster in your own home opens you up to a lot of possibilities for survival. There are always tools, supplies, and items that can be used for a multitude of tasks. If a disaster strikes and for whatever reason you need to leave your home, you want to be ready for that too. These items should be ready to pick up and go at a moment’s notice, and note that these items are in addition to the basic items already covered.

  • A multi-use tool (such as a Leatherman or Swiss army knife)
  • A compass
  • Weather protection: sunscreen, hats, rain jackets/snow parkas, sunglasses, rain and/or snow boots, mitts or gloves, etc.
  • Communication items (such as a portable radio)
  • Map
  • A plan

Planning Ahead

Having a plan is one of the strongest tools in your arsenal. Knowing where to go or what to do in an emergency situation is perhaps more useful than almost any item in your survival kit. Planning ahead includes having your survival kit at the ready, having a primary and secondary plan for where to go if you have to leave your home, knowing basic first aid and how to read a map or use a shortwave radio, and other general basic knowledge. A plan exponentially increases the odds that you could survive just about anything that comes along.

The Importance of First Aid

Having a survival first aid kit is another super important key factor that absolutely should not be overlooked. The American Red Cross has a detailed list of items that every first aid kit should include. You should add items according to the personal needs of yourself and your family, such as EpiPens, pain relievers, and extra medications.

Other Survival Kit Options

There are online forums and websites that specialize in emergency preparedness and disaster readiness. Some of these sites even sell survival kits, but they are often quite expensive. To save money and be able to cater the kit to the personal needs of you and your family, take a little time and put together your own survival kit, starting with the minimum necessary items.

Why Plan for Something That May Never Happen?

Preparing for a disaster is a necessary part of living a responsible life. You want to hope that such an event never occurs, but be prepared for anything to keep your family safe. If you don’t have one already, start building your disaster survival kit today.

And never forget, your pets and/or service animal needs a survival kit too!!

See this attachment for a list of supplies for your animals:  pet-service-animal-emergency-kit

Survivalists and Preppers

Survivalists and PreppersSurvivalists and Preppers

When it comes to readiness for anything that life throws at you, there are survivalists and there are preppers. Although there sometimes seems to be a rivalry between survivalists and preppers, these terms are often used interchangeably, but they are actually very different. Survivalists and preppers have a common goal for sure, but there are major differences in the overall sentiment and outcome of their behavior.

A Common Bond

There are many commonalities between survivalists and preppers. At their core, both have the similar ideal of being ready for a disaster. Both survivalists and preppers alike spend time and resources to prepare for impending disasters such as major weather events, war, and even statistically unlikely disasters.

Both of these types of people have a strong will to live and make preparations for themselves and their families not only to survive a potentially disastrous event, but also after the event. Many of the preparations will involve supplies to allow them to continue to live without aid for an extended period of time.

Different Strokes

The difference between survivalists and preppers comes down to how seriously they take themselves. Make no mistakes about it, both of these groups of people are quite serious about their preparations for the future safety and comfort of themselves and their families. The core difference is really how seriously they take it, and how extreme their plans and preparations are.

There are also differences in how both of these groups prepare for unforeseen events and disasters. For example, one group might stockpile huge amounts of non-perishable foods while the other will have a smaller stockpile and rely heavily on seeds to grow their own food.

Survivalist Manifesto

Survivalists differ from preppers in the way they make their preparations and their overall idea of surviving after an event.

Survivalists, for example, tend to look to the Earth and wilderness for much of their survival needs. A survivalist will learn about the area around them and look to live off the land rather than having huge stockpiles. These people will likely hunt, forage, and grow their own food for their survival needs.

A survivalist is really exactly what their name suggests. They will do what needs to be done to survive. They do not expect to rely on the comforts of civilized life to sustain them during or in the aftermath of a disastrous event.

Prepper’s Platform

Preppers differ from survivalists in how they plan to survive and even thrive after a disaster.

Preppers will usually have large stockpiles of supplies, non-perishable foods, and other items that will help them remain safe, alive, and even comfortable during and after such an event. A prepper will typically have a stockpile large enough not only to get them through the event, but large enough to sustain them until rescue.

Preppers are usually considered to be the more “serious” or “fervent” in their preparations. This might be because their preparations are often more visible to the people around them. The lengths to which preppers will prepare and stockpile are extremely varied from person to person.

Survivalists and preppers are different in the way that they make their preparations and their overall ideals for how to survive, but at their core they are very similar. Both groups do the work and planning necessary to ensure that they not only survive a potential disaster, but thrive in the aftermath. They are both built on the platform of hard work, planning, and optimism that they will survive no matter what happens.

Survival Training is Very Real

Survival Training is Very RealSurvival Training

With all of the reality shows on television dedicated to survival techniques and even “doomsday” type preppers, you are likely somewhat familiar with the idea of survival training. But, what those television shows might not explain properly is that survival training isn’t just for adventure buffs and the slightly paranoid.

Survival training is a very real and useful life tool that everyone should look into at some level. The fact is that being prepared for unforeseen disasters (such as destructive weather events, major industrial accidents, or even terrorism) is a responsible move.

What Is Survival Training?

It is exactly what it sounds like. It is training you to survive outside of your usual comfort zone. It can be taught for wilderness survival, or even urban survival, should you ever be in a situation where you need to survive on your own in a city environment. There are many facets of survival training.

What Skills Are Taught?

Since there are so many types of survival training, the skill sets will vary, but most of the common core necessities will always be taught. These skills will revolve around food, water, shelter, and first aid.

Who Needs this Training?

Everyone needs to have at least a basic working knowledge of how to survive in many types of situations. Anyone that could ever get lost in the woods, find themselves stranded anywhere, or find themselves in a disaster situation could seriously benefit from survival training.

Why Is it Necessary?

Catastrophic disasters are not all that far-fetched, and people get stranded or lost almost every day. If your car stalls on a deserted road with no way to call for help, you need to know what to do and how to proceed.

When Is a Good Time to Look into Survival Training?

There is never a bad time to look into it. Considering the fact that accidents and disasters of all types happen nearly every day, the sooner you are prepared for anything the better.

Will I Ever Really Use my Training?

Consider the old adage “Hope for the best, but plan for the worst”. Hopefully you will never have to use the skills you learn through this training, but it certainly will help if you ever do.

Where Can I Find Survival Training?

There are survival classes and trainers all over the world. Some are taught in a classroom environment, while others offer more one-on-one type experiences.

How Do I Locate Survival Experts in My Area?

A search through the internet or yellow pages will help you locate a trainer in your area. Of course, make sure that you are hiring a reputable person with plenty of experience, referrals, and recommendations.

Survival Training isn’t just for adrenaline junkies, Eagle Scouts, and worriers. In fact, it is a very responsible life skill to have. Consider everything that could go wrong on a daily basis, and you will see that survival training is one of the smartest things to do to keep yourself and family safe – no matter what.

What Type of Survival Clothing Should I Pack

Survival ClothingWhat Type of Survival Clothing Should I Pack?

Putting together a survival kit in case of emergencies or disaster is part of being a responsible adult. To protect yourself and your family, put together a kit of emergency preparation items that will get you through should the need ever arise. What you put in your kit is important, and there are many lists out there that outline the many different items that you should include. Survival clothing is one of the items that is almost always included on that list.

What Qualifies as Survival Clothing?

Unfortunately those lists don’t always specify exactly what types of survival clothing you need. So the words “extra clothing” or “survival clothing” might not come across as anything very special or important.

  • When you are stuck in your home or car without power during a snowstorm, “survival clothing” will have more meaning to you.
  • When you are walking miles across a desert after being stranded due to car troubles, “survival clothing” will have more meaning to you.
  • No matter what situation you may find yourself in, survival clothing is an important part of emergency preparation.

Harsh Weather Months

Survival clothing is especially important during the harsh weather months when temperatures can soar or plummet, and the weather is doing nothing to help you stay safe. Depending on where you are, the temperatures alone could hurt you, not to mention rain, snow, and all sorts of inclement weather. The clothing that you are wearing, and the extra items you have with you, can make all the difference when it comes to saving your life.

Winter

In the winter, of course, your main goals are to stay warm and dry. Extra sweaters, coats, socks, and proper footwear like boots are all important items to keep on hand. Gloves, hats, and socks are small items that can save your life. Sunglasses to deal with the glare from the snow will help with your vision and help protect your eyes.

Summer

Summer is all about sun protection. Sunscreen, hats, scarves, and protective eyewear can all help keep you safe from the harsh rays of the sun.

Lightweight, light colored, long sleeved shirts that cover you up without overheating you are a good idea to keep as well. As much as you’ll want to strip off every piece of clothing you have just to stay cool, your clothes help keep the sun off and moisture in. Cotton is a better fabric choice than anything polyester.

Milder Weather Months

While the harsher weather months are certainly more dangerous, do not underestimate the dangers of the seemingly mild weather months. Spring and fall might offer more comfortable weather, but there are still extremes to fight.

Spring

No matter how mild it is, remember to protect yourself from the sun all year long. On top of your sun protective gear, you will want to have something warm with you as well. It might be too warm during the day, and then temperatures could plummet at night and during the early morning, so be ready for anything.

Fall

Just like spring, temperatures can be erratic during the fall. When you are out walking all day long without shelter, the sun can become dangerous. Conversely, temperatures can still fall below freezing so you have to be ready for whatever the weather throws at you.

All-Weather Items

No matter what season, there are some survival clothing items that should be kept at all times. Depending on where you are or your own preferences, you may need to add to this basic list:

    • Gloves
    • Waterproof and sun blocking hat
    • Parka or rain jacket
    • Snow or rain boots
    • Sunglasses

Rain Boots

Snow Boots

Putting together a survival kit is one step that you are taking to keep you and your family safe. Understanding why each item is needed can help you make good decisions about what goes into your survival kit. Survival clothing can vary from season to season, and according to the area you live in.

…and don’t forget – your pets need protection too!

After Disaster Sanitation Tips

Disaster SanitationAfter Disaster Sanitation Tips

In the aftermath of a disaster sanitation and staying clean might be one of the last thoughts on your mind. After all, who thinks of wet wipes when they are busy staying alive? Once the immediate danger has passed, however, sanitation is absolutely important and should be one of your priorities.

Hygiene Is Important

Keeping proper hygiene and disaster sanitation can help prevent infection and illness. So it is very important to stay as clean as possible, and follow proper hygiene practices whenever you are able to. Hand washing especially is one of our strongest tools to fight the spread of germs and disease – especially if you have any cuts or injuries, keeping those clean is of the utmost importance.

After an emergency, there may be special guidelines to follow to ensure safe and proper sanitation.

Listen to the Authorities

Especially after a flood type disaster, tap water might not be safe to drink or even bathe in. Follow the directions of your local authorities and wait for the go-ahead to use water from faucets.

Find Safe Water

When you are planning for emergency preparation, stockpiling safe drinking water should be one of your biggest priorities. Not only does it ensure that you have enough water to drink, but there should be enough to brush teeth, wash hands, and follow other disaster sanitation procedures.

Along with your drinking water, it is a good idea to keep a good amount of distilled water for cleaning wounds and washing hands.

Making Water Safe

When there are no other options besides the water around you or in the tap, you might have to doctor the water so that it is safe to use. This typically involves filtering, boiling or disinfecting the water that you have available to you.

Boiling: Filter the water as best as you can using towels or even coffee filters. If you do not have a filter, let the water stand for a while so that the sediment separates and settles, and then pour the clear water off the top. Bring the clear water to a full boil and let boil for at least one whole minute. Let the water cool and keep any water that isn’t immediately used in clean, airtight containers.

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Safe, Purified Water for Home, Camping, and More

The award-winning, world-renowned LifeStraw Family 1.0 large volume water filter can filter out viruses from an incredible 18,000 liters of water (4,750 gallons) — enough to supply a family of five with clean drinking water for up to three years.

This gravity filter is easy to use. Just pour water in the top, and clean water comes out the bottom. And it comes in a sealed bag, perfect for storing for emergencies.

Lightweight and highly portable, LifeStraw Family is perfect for camping. It makes filtering water a breeze at base camps, while car camping, or when camping with groups. It’s also great to have at home in the event of boil water advisories. In addition to purifying contaminated tap water, in a worst case scenario you can use the Family to remove bacteria, protozoa, and viruses from a fresh water source near your home with the LifeStraw Family.

The LifeStraw Family water filter has been distributed to nearly every major international humanitarian disaster since 2005 and in broad public health campaigns in the millions. The same rugged design used in places like Haiti, Indonesia, Kenya, Pakistan and Bangladesh is now available for consumers in North America.

 

Disinfecting: You can use iodine, water purification tablets, or even household (unscented) bleach to disinfect water. You will need to filter the water the same way, and then for the tablets or iodine follow directions from the manufacturer. For the bleach method, add 1/8 teaspoon of bleach per gallon of water, stir, and let sit for 30 minutes before use.

Last-Ditch Efforts

If you are not in a position to boil or disinfect your water, you can find water that is safe enough from many sources. In your home, the reserve water in your water heater tank and the water in your toilet tank (not the bowl) is usually safe to use as long as it hasn’t been treated with cleaning chemicals. Outside the home, rainwater and water from moving bodies of water will be much cleaner and safer than standing water that could be infected.

Other Sanitation Options

Wet wipes, antibacterial gels, and sprays are not the most efficient at getting you clean when you are truly unsanitary (like after a disaster), but they will work if you have nothing else at your disposal.

After a disaster, the most important thing to have to stay sanitary and safe from germs and disease is clean water. Follow these tips and techniques for disaster sanitation to find or make clean water to keep healthy.