Outdoor Survival Equipment

Outdoor Survival EquipmentSurviving the Outdoors Using Outdoor Survival Equipment

Various hazards can present themselves in an outdoor environment. Individuals engaging in outdoor adventures and activities should bring with them the necessary outdoor survival equipment to enjoy their experience and to be able to stay safe. Outdoor survival equipment can also be used to help survivalists and soldiers in surviving the various dangers that could be experienced in the wild. Recreational campers can also make use of outdoor survival equipment.

Outdoor Survival Equipment:

  • Blankets, paracord, rope, bedding, cots, tents and tarps are things that can be carried for outdoor activities and camping. This equipment can be used for shelter, comfort, and safety.
  • Materials to make fire are very important. Waterproof matches, magnesium flint, lighters and tinderbox can help bring warmth particularly when spending nights in the wilderness or when staying outdoors.
  • Food utensils and portable burners are only two of the survival equipment items that should be brought with you when camping. Moreover, you should have a portable water purification system with your survival kit. To survive outdoors, staying warm, dry, sheltered from the elements, fed and hydrated should be your top priorities to enjoy your excursion and stay safe. With the help of outdoor survival equipment you can enjoy the outdoors with the security of knowing you’ll be OK should something happen.
  • Multipurpose tools are important outdoor equipment that can be used in survival training and camping. They can be used as weapons and as tools for cutting or grinding food, cutting ropes and for other purposes. A small axe will help with cutting boughs or branches and firewood.
  • Communication and navigational devices should be something you consider bringing with you as well. Communication devices such as walkie talkies and public alert radios can help keep you informed of upcoming inclement weather systems and enable you to stay in touch with others on your excursion with, or even rangers, should you happen to get into trouble. Navigational devices such as compasses, GPS and maps can help campers and hikers figure out their destinations and current locations.
  • Signaling devices are also good tools to have on hand, and even the most ‘normal’ things that you own can be used while camping or for any outdoor activities…

Having multiple effective ways to signal for help can make all the difference in a survival situation where outside help is warranted. Distress signals can take many forms, from high-tech modern electronics to the primitive techniques and materials that our ancestors would have used. Signaling is one of the most under-practiced and under-emphasized skill sets in our survival arsenal, and it’s about time we took it more seriously. Follow my lead and learn how to assist in your own rescue with our roundup of signaling methods and essential gear.
11 Ways to Signal for Help By Tim MacWelch September 25, 2014

Hypothermia Education and Survival

Hypothermia EducationHypothermia Education: Survival in an Extremely Cold Environment

Heat causes hyperthermia*, but today I’m going to share some facts about hypothermia, caused by the cold.

Symptoms of Hypothermia

Hypothermia can be distinguished into three stages – mild, moderate or severe. The signs and symptoms can be approximately grouped with the temperature ranges of the different stages:

For mild hypothermia (35-32 oC), signs and symptoms include:

  • pale and cool to touch as blood vessels constrict in the skin
  • numbness in the extremities
  • sluggish responses, drowsiness or lethargic
  • shivering
  • increased heart rate and breathing.

For moderate hypothermia (32-28 oC), signs and symptoms include:

  • decreasing conscious state
  • may have been incontinent of urine as a result of an increased workload on the kidneys related to blood being shunted to the major organs
  • no longer shivering
  • slowed heart rate, breathing rate and low blood pressure.

For severe hypothermia (below 28 oC), signs and symptoms include:

  • unconscious and no longer responding
  • the heart beats more slowly and may become irregular before ultimately stopping if the person gets too cold
  • no response to light in the pupil of the eye
  • rigid muscles – the person might feel like they are in rigor mortis
  • pulses and respiratory effort may be present but hard to detect.

Treating hypothermic patients can be done by providing shelter and applying gradual heat. Close body contact with a companion and sipping warm sweet liquids can help the patient get re-warmed. Hospitalization may be needed for moderate to extreme conditions. Medication should only be administered by qualified medical personnel.

As is the norm with any type of situation, prevention is key:

Hypothermia Prevention – Mayo Clinic:

  1. Cover. Wear a hat or other protective covering to prevent body heat from escaping from your head, face and neck. …
  2. Overexertion. Avoid activities that would cause you to sweat a lot. …
  3. Layers. Wear loose fitting, layered, lightweight clothing. …
  4. Dry. Stay as dry as possible.

Wearing dry suits when engaging in water activities – particularly scuba diving, snorkeling and kayaking – can bring warmth in cold water environment.

Education is needed, particularly for individuals engaging in outdoor activities. This could help individuals survive an extremely cold environment, especially at night, in the wild.

Managing the risks that can come with outdoor activities can be a part of the education and survival training. Individuals should realize that aside from fearsome creatures and hostile environment, harsh and cold weather conditions can also be an adversary in the wild.

Hypothermia education includes information about the condition, causes, signs and symptoms, risk factors, complications, treatment, and prevention. It will also teach you when medical intervention is needed. You can ask a specialist or can consult a website for hypothermia education.

*Hyperthermia is elevated body temperature due to failed thermoregulation** that occurs when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates. Extreme temperature elevation then becomes a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment to prevent disability or death.

**Thermoregulation is a process that allows your body to maintain its core internal temperature. All thermoregulation mechanisms are designed to return your body to homeostasis.